How Your Dentist in Providence RI Can Help with Bone Grafting

Bone grafting can help with numerous oral issues. It is important to go over these problems with your local Dentist in Providence RI. They can help you determine if grafting is a plausible solution. For more information, contact your dentist or continue reading.

What are the possible types of grafting?

Autogenous graft

For this type of graft the patient’s bone is removed from another site on the body and transplanted to the jaw. If the amount of bone needed is not too large, sampling can be done on the chin or on the ascending branch of the jaw, which is located behind the last lower molar. Intra-oral bone harvesting is preferable because the time of surgery and hospitalization are reduced and there is no skin scarring. If the need for bone is large, the sample will be taken from the iliac crest (hip), tibia ribs and skull.

Allograft

In the case of allogeneic transplantation, human bone is used, but it is from a donor. The graft may be removed from a deceased person or a person who underwent surgery where the bone was withdrawn (prosthesis). Donors undergo screening tests and the bone is treated in a way to prevent the risk of disease during transmission.

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Synthetic graft

Synthetic bone is manufactured using certain materials containing minerals and growth factors to promote the integration of patient’s bones, which increases bone density. The synthetic bone, which comes in the form of granules, is gradually replaced by the newly formed bone.

What are the possible complications?

As with any surgery, there are risks of complications.

*    Infection: There is a risk of infection at the graft site as well as with the donor site. Although possible, the risk of infection is infrequent.

*    Graft failure: It is possible that the transplant does not work. This can be caused by lack of blood supply to the grafted site or by graft rejection.

*    Insufficient registry: It may be that the procedure and healing is successful, but the added bone volume is not sufficient to allow the placement of dental implants. This can be avoided with a good initial assessment of the patient and an appropriate planning of surgery.

Be aware that the risk of complications is increased by smoking. There are other risks so make sure you speak with your local dentist. For more information, contact your dentist in Providence RI today.

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